FAQs on AAPE
1. If our institute can maintain current BOPS standards without joining AAPE, what is the advantage?
This is an often-posed question. The biggest reason to join AAPE is to separate politics from educational standards, a problem which often impacts national organizations and local institutes. One of the primary goals of the 6-point plan was to establish a national standards setting body (now AAPE) outside APsaA, which is a membership organization. AAPE recognizes that maintaining high local educational expectations and standards is a challenge in changing times. It takes continual effort, resolve, leadership, negotiating local politics, and importantly, supportive colleagues outside the local group. Joining AAPE means joining hands with experienced colleagues who accept educational standards as a living, breathing enterprise, striving towards excellence as a fiduciary responsibility to those we train, patients we treat, and the greater community we serve. Joining AAPE also means working with such colleagues to modify standards based on local circumstances in a principled, responsible way, without undue influence from politics, whether on the local or national level. Without any affiliation with a national standards and consultative body, institutes, centers, and their members are vulnerable to local politics without recourse, the “bad old days” modern educational structures attempt to avoid.
2. How does AAPE work with training programs?
3. I've heard that AAPE was not part of the 6-part plan. Is this true?
The American Association for Psychoanalytic Education fulfills the first aspect of the 6 point plan. The summary of the plan, announced by Mark Smaller, past president of APsaA on May 8, 2015 is stated below:
“The essentials of our proposals are: the externalization of the regulatory functions of the Board on Professional Standards (italics added), the creation of a Department of Psychoanalytic Education to facilitate psychoanalytic education through promotion of contact and consultation between APsaA institutes, and development of the Executive Council's ability to oversee the Association's functions and govern effectively.”
The American Association for Psychoanalytic Education (AAPE) is the implementation of the externalization of the regulatory functions of the Board on Professional Standards. The American Board of Psychoanalysis (ABP) is the implementation of the externalization of the certification functions. Both are consistent with all modern professions.
4. Some people have said that the American Association for Psychoanalytic Education (AAPE) is divisive and in competition with APsaA’s Department of Psychoanalytic Education (DPE). Can you address these concerns?
With any change there is a period of transition and often suspicion, but AAPE’s mission is in no way competitive with DPE. DPE is a consultative body as set forth by the 6-point plan, and its functions are complementary to AAPE’s. Individual membership in APsaA or an institute’s participation in DPE is not jeopardized by, or contrary to, an institute’s membership in AAPE. AAPE follows the accepted practice that every profession adheres to an external educational standards body to ensure the maintenance of educational integrity over time for the education of learners and the protection of the public. AAPE provides educational standards through collaboration of participating centers or institutes and collegial site visits. As AAPE is external to both the local institute and the larger membership organization, it is free from the politics of both local histories and membership-only organizations. DPE does not mandate standards, is not an accrediting body, and as an elective consultation-only body, does not in any way compete with AAPE.
5. My institute hasn't joined AAPE but I want to adhere to AAPE standards for becoming a training analyst. Is this possible?
Future training and supervising analysts of non-AAPE institutes will be appointed using local variations of the IPA standards, or may choose standards quite different from IPA standards. Whether a local program wishes to use AAPE standards for TSA appointment will be up to the local program. AAPE is sympathetic with the wishes of those who want to adhere to AAPE standards. At this time, we ask that you contact AAPE to be updated on any new AAPE procedures for TSA appointment for colleagues not in AAPE member-institutes.
6. Can I be involved in AAPE if my institute hasn't joined?
Yes. Individuals who support AAPE’s standards and are interested in participating in AAPE’s committees are most welcome. We have several individual members of AAPE committees whose institutes are not AAPE members. We value involvement from any individual analyst who is interested in the non politicized, thoughtful development and evolution of psychoanalytic education, establishment of standards, site visits, and faculty and curriculum development. For details, contact AAPE.
7. How is AAPE any different than BOPS?
While we are beginning with the most recent standards of the Board on Educational Standards, many do not realize that these were already significantly liberalized. In addition, we have already evolved to be quite different from BOPS in our approach to educational standards and local challenges.. AAPE’s goal is flexibility and innovation within a rigorous immersive educational experience. We have candidates on our committees and a recent graduate on our Board. Secondly, AAPE is not constrained or influenced by the political shifts within a national professional organization. We are studying new pathways for faculty development, building an analytic practice, changes in training and supervising analyst appointment procedures, innovation in curriculum, and evaluation of candidate progression. One example is consideration of the child analytic approach to Associate Supervising Analyst as a potential model for adult training analyst development.
8. If I become a TA under the new APsaA standards (without certification) and then move to an AAPE institute, will I be grandfathered in?
Not automatically. The decision will be made by the local institute based on AAPE requirements, which include certification by the ABP (American Board of Psychoanalysis) and a peer review process. This process is designed to ensure experience, commitment to analytic work, and demonstration of clinical expertise through presentation of detailed clinical material. The AAPE will work with a local institute/center to assist in determining equivalence.
9. As a candidate of a non-AAPE institute what are my options if I want to adhere to AAPE standards regarding my training?
Each institute is empowered to deliberate on what standards it wishes to follow. We hope that candidates are involved in the deliberations in all institutes, including AAPE member-institutes. We trust that your concerns and wishes regarding quality education and training will be heard. Candidates in many of our institutes and centers have expressed the need for faculty peer review, external validation of standards, common to all professions. We have and continue to be available to speak at your institute. Please direct your questions to our Candidate Advisory & Liaison Committee chaired by Valerie Golden (Minneapolis) and Dhipthi Brundage (Carolinas).
10. Can I join AAPE as an individual?
AAPE membership is limited to institutes and centers. As an interested individual, however, we welcome your interest in participating in AAPE committees and study groups as they form. We invite your questions, comments and suggestions.
11. Do AAPE institutes teach both traditional and progressive theories?
The question suggests a dichotomy between traditional and progressive theories. AAPE institutes and centers have a long track record in their openness to teaching a variety of theoretical and technical approaches and discoveries. AAPE will continue to support the study of any discipline or theory that can enhance the breadth and depth of psychoanalytic education and practice.
12. Why do I need to join AAPE, when I can get external accreditation from ACPEinc?
AAPE institutes follow somewhat different standards, with an emphasis on educational quality and content than those of ACPEinc. ACPEinc is a national accrediting agency, whose function is to make sure that an institute or center is actually doing what it says it does – as long as analysts of candidates are certified and other basic requirements are met. Under the ACPEinc are a wide range of educational standards. ACPEinc has baseline standards that must be met, but these standards are not the same as AAPE’s. AAPE standards differ in the following ways:
Why was AAPE founded?
AAPE was founded in response to the 6-point plan to externalize the regulation of training standards at psychoanalytic institutes. The American Association for Psychoanalytic Education fulfills the first aspect of the 6 point plan. The summary of the plan, announced by Mark Smaller, then president of APsaA, on May 8, 2015 is stated below:
The essentials of our proposals are: the externalization of the regulatory functions of the Board on Professional Standards (italics added), the creation of a Department of Psychoanalytic Education to facilitate psychoanalytic education through promotion of contact and consultation between APsaA institutes, and development of the Executive Council's ability to oversee the Association's functions and govern effectively.
The American Association for Psychoanalytic Education is the implementation of the externalization of the regulatory functions of the Board on Professional Standards.
How does AAPE work with training programs?
What are the core values of AAPE?
Immersion in psychoanalytic experience involving exposure to deeply-felt transference and counter-transference phenomena that promotes learning.
Expertise in psychoanalysis is achieved by learning through experience, peer review, and consultation.
Contemporary professions grow and flourish when supported by national standards and external accreditation.
Excellence in psychoanalytic education and training require freedom from local and national politics.
Peer review of clinical work, such as certification, promotes personal and professional growth.
Psychoanalysts and supervisors of candidates must be appointed based on immersion, commitment to the work of analysis, and competence demonstrated by presentation of in-depth clinical work.
What is AAPE’s vision?
The goal of AAPE is fostering excellence in psychoanalytic education by establishing and promoting optimal standards for psychoanalytic training.
What is the mission of the American Association for Psychoanalytic Education?
Our mission is to promote excellence in psychoanalytic training by supporting optimal depth and intensity during training through the cultivation of knowledge, experience, and integrity.